Capitulum XXII

 

Exercitium 1

 

This exercise is a short little work-out with adjectives ending in ­–eus.  The three that show up in this Lectio are, as glossed in the margin of the text:

 

aureus, -a, -um

ligneus, -a, -um

ferreus, -a, -um

ex aurō factus

ē/ex lignō factus

ē/ex ferrō factus

 

This should be fairly simple, as long as youʻre careful to make sure that the adjective agrees in number, case and gender with the noun it modifies.  N.b. that the new word for door, foris, is feminine.

 

0.      ānulus ex aurō factus = ānulus aur_________

1.      baculum ē lignō factum = baculum lign__________

2.      catēna ex ferrō facta = catēna ferr_________

3.      nummī ex aurō factī = nummī aur__________

4.      stilus ferreus = stilus _______ _______________   ____________

5.      pōculum aureum = pōculum ________   __________________   __________

6.      forēs ligneae = forēs ________ _________________   ___________


 

Exercitium 2

 

This is the exercise which involves understanding the sentence, determining which of the new vocabulary words completes it so that it makes sense, and writing the word in the correct form. 

 

 

1.      Magna iānua ________________ ē duābus ______________, quae in ________________ vertuntur.

2.      Sub foribus est __________________.

3.      _____________ [= ōstiārius] dīcitur servus quī hominēs advenientēs in ātrium _______________.

4.      Iānitor cum cane suō vīllam dominī __________________.

5.      Canis, quī prope tam ___________ est quam lupus, catēnā ________________.

6.      ________________ nōn modo canēs, sed etiam iānitōrēs vinciēbantur

7.      ________________ cōnstat ē multīs ānulīs ferreīs qui ______________  _____ coniunguntur.

8.      Ānulus Lydiae nōn ex ferrō, sed ex ____________ factus est.

9.      Ānulus aureus magnī _____________ est.

10.   Iānua ē _____________ facta est ____________ [= ut] baculum Iūliī.

11.   Servus quī epistulās fert _________________ appellātur.

12.   Tabelllārius clāmat: "__________ iānitor!  ___________ aperīs?  Num ____________ (= aliquis) hīc est?"

13.   _______________ iānitor surgit et tabellarium _________________ [= multa interrogat].

14.   Tabellārius: "____________ admitte mē!  ___________ [= deinde] respondēbō."

15.   Hostēs nōn sunt _____________ vallum, sed ___________ vallum.

16.   Vulcānus est deus __________________.

 

admittere

anteā

aurum

cardō, cardinis, m.

catēna, -ae, f.

cōnstāre

cūstōdīre

extrā

faber, fabrī, m.

ferōx, ferōcis

foris, foris, f.

heus!

iānitor, -is, m.

inter

intrā

lignum, -ī, n.

līmen, līminis, n.

posteā

pretium, -ī, n.

prius

quīn

(num) quis

rogitāre

sīcut

tabellarius, -ī, m.

tandem

vincīre

 

 

Exercise 3 – Questions about Lectio I – short answers or complete sentences as appropriate.

 

1.         Ex quibus partibus cōnstat iānua vīllae?

_______________________________________________________________________

2.         Quid scrīptum est in līmine?

_______________________________________________________________________

3.         Quis dīcitur servus quī iānuam cūstōdit?

_______________________________________________________________________

4.         Quid facit is quī vīllam intrāre vult?

_______________________________________________________________________

5.         Ubi sedet iānitor?

_______________________________________________________________________

6.         Cūr canis iānitōris catēnā vincītur?

_______________________________________________________________________

7.         Ex quā māteriā catēna facta est?

_______________________________________________________________________

8.         Num ānulus Lōdiae ex ferrō factus est?

_______________________________________________________________________

9.         Utrum dūrius est, lignumne an ferrum?

_______________________________________________________________________

10.      Quis dīcitur vir quī rēs ferreās efficit?

_______________________________________________________________________

11.      Cūr ‘tabellāriī’ dīcuntur servī quī epistulās ferunt?

_______________________________________________________________________

12.      Quōmodo iānitor ē somnō excitātur?

_______________________________________________________________________

13.      Cūr tabellārius nōn statim iānitōrī respondet?

_______________________________________________________________________

14.      Quid huic tabellāriō nōmen est?

_______________________________________________________________________

15.      Unde Tlēpolemus sē venīre dīcit?

_______________________________________________________________________

16.      Quid Iūlius post merīdiem agere solet?

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Exercitium 4

 

This exercise should be a fairly easy bit of work with the supines.  Check out the outline, section I, C, uses of the first and second supine.

 

Again, with verbs of motion (like īre, venīre, mittere), a supine in the accusative expresses purpose.

 

The only other form of the supine, the ablative –ū, qualifies a certain kind of adjective, like easy, difficult, horrible, painful, and a few others, e.g., wonderful to say = mirābile dictū.

 

For the sake of convenience Iʻve put all the verbs in this exercise in the box at the bottom, in the three principal parts: present infinitive, perfect infinitive and supine.

 

1.    Post merīdiem Iūlius ambulā______ īre solet.

2.    Postquam ambulāvit, lavā______ it.

3.    Vesperī hominēs dormī______ eunt.

4.    Māne amīcī ad vīllam veniunt dominum salūtā______.

5.    Mēdus et Lydia in Graeciam eunt habitā______.

6.    Hostēs castra oppugnā______ veniunt.

7.    Tabellārius nōn mittitur pecūniam postulā______.

8.    Facile est vōcem magistrī audīre = Vōx magistrī est facilis audī______.

9.    Difficile est nōmina barbara dīcere = Nōmina barbara difficilia sunt dic______.

10. Quae est dea pulcherrima? Id difficile scī______ est.

ambulāre, ambulāvisse, ambulātum

lavāre, lavisse, lavātum

dormīre, dormīvisse, dormītum

salūtāre, salūtāvisse, salūtātum

habitāre, habitāvisse, habitātum

oppugnāre, oppugnāvisse, oppugnātum

postulāre, postulāvisse, postulātum

audīre, audīvisse, audītum

dīcere, dīxisse, dictum

scīre, scīvisse, scītum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Exercitium 5

The irregular verb ferre and its forms are the subject of this exercise.  It is necessary to infer the meaning of each sentence and then supply the form of ferre which completes it in a way which makes sense and is grammatically correct.  Consider whether the form needed is infinitive, imperative or indicative.  Consider whether the subject, express or implied, is first, second or third person and whether it is singular or plural.  Consider whether the verb should be made in the passive voice [a clue here would be whether the sentence contains an apparent ablative of agent].  The forms are spelled out in the margin.

 

1.    Mēdus, quī rēs Mārcī ____________ solet, hodiē abest.

2.    Itaque Mārcus ad lūdum ambulāns rēs suās ipse ___________.

3.    Titus et Sextus semper rēs suās ipsī ________________.

4.    Titus: "Cūr tū ipse rēs tuās ____________ hodiē, Mārce?"

5.    Mārcus: "Ipse rēs meās __________, quia Mēdus abest; sed cūr vōs semper rēs vestrās ipsī ________________."

6.    Titus: "Nōs rēs nostrās ipsī _______________, quia in ipsō oppidō Tūsculō habitāmus, nōn procul ab oppidō."

7.    Mārcus: "Venīte mēcum ac rēs meās ______________!"

8.    Sextus: "Rēs tuās _____________ nōlumus.  Ipse rēs tuās _____________, Mārce!"

9.    Tabula, quae ā Mēdō _____________ solet, hodiē ā Mārcō _________________.

10. Epistulae ā tabellāriīs _________________.

INFINITIVE FORMS

Active

ferre

 

Passive

ferrī

 

INDICATIVE FORMS

Active

Singular

ferō

fers

fert

 

Plural

ferimus

fertis

ferunt

 

Passive

Singular

feror

ferris

fertur

 

Plural

ferimur

feriminī

feruntur

 

IMPERATIVE FORMS

singular

fer

 

plural

ferte

 


 

 

Exercitium 6

This is the vocabulary recognition and application exercise.  The words introduced in this Lectio are in the margin, although for reasons of space I have not included the other principal parts of the verbs.

 

1.         Canis, quī tabellārium ____________ stantem videt, dentēs ostendit ac ____________: "Rrrrr…"

2.         Canis tabellārium _____________ vult, sed catēnā _______________.

3.         Iānitor eum dē cane ferōcī ___________: "___________! Canis tē mordēbit."

4.         Tabellārius nōn intrat, sed in līmine ________________.

5.         "Nōlī canem tuum ____________!" inquit.

6.         In solō intrā līmen est ____________ canis ferōcis.

7.         Tabellārius propius ad canem ______________ [= adīre] audet; neque imāgō canis neque canis vērus eum ___________.

8.         Canis catēnam ______________ et vestem tabellāriī dentibus _________________.

9.         _______________ novum, quod Tlēpolemus ___________ [= paulō ante] ēmit, ā cane ferōcī _______________.

10.     Tabellārius ex ōstio _______________ nōn potest, quia canis eum tenet.

11.     Homō territus nec _______________ nec ______________ audet.

12.     Canis eum locō sē movēre nōn _________________.

13.     Iānitor virum territum _______________: "Hahahae! Quīn intrās?

14.     Tlēpolemus intrāre cōnātur, sed canis īrātus eum ex ōstiō _________________.

15.     "Vincī _____________ [= illum tuum] canem!" inquit tabellārius tōtō corpore _________________.

16.     Iānitor: "Nōlī _________________ [= putāre] mē canem solvisse!"

17.     Iānitor catēnam prehendit et canem ā Tlēpolemō ________________.

18.     Tlēpolemus: "______________ mē intrāre!  Nōlī mē ____________ in imbrem pellere!"

accēdere

arbitrārī

cavēre

cēdere

dērīdēre

forās

forīs

fremere

imāgō, -inis, f.

iste, ista, istud

monēre

mordēre

nūper

pallium, -ī, n.

pellere,

prehendere

prōcēdere

recēdere

removēre

resistere

retinēre

rumpere

scindere

sinere

solvere

terrēre

tremere

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Exercitium 7

 

1.         Cūr tabellārius in līmine resistit?

_______________________________________________________________________

2.         Quae imāgō in solō intrā līmen vidētur?

_______________________________________________________________________

3.         Quae verba īnfrā imāginem scrīpta sunt?

_______________________________________________________________________

4.         Num Tlēpolemus imāgine canis terrētur?

_______________________________________________________________________

5.         Quid agit canis cum Tlēpolemus ad eum accēdit?

_______________________________________________________________________

6.         Cūr canis excurrēns catēnā nōn retinētur?

_______________________________________________________________________

7.         Cūr tabellārius nōn audet locō sē movēre?

_______________________________________________________________________

8.         Quōmodo canis eum forās pellit?

_______________________________________________________________________

9.         Cūr tremit Tlēpolemus?

_______________________________________________________________________

10.      Cūr tabellārius iānitōrī pallium suum ostendit?

_______________________________________________________________________

11.      Quid tabellārius sēcum fert?

_______________________________________________________________________

12.      Quis epistulam in ātrium ad Iūlium fert?

_______________________________________________________________________